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Archimedes
Archimedes of Syracuse
(; ; BC – BC) was an
Ancient Greek
mathematician
,
physicist
,
engineer
,
inventor
, and
astronomer
. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading
scientists
in
classical antiquity
. Generally considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern
calculus
and
analysis
by applying concepts of
infinitesimals
and the
method of exhaustion
to derive and rigorously prove a range of
geometrical
theorems
, including the
area
of a
circle
, the
surface area
and
volume
of a
sphere
, and the area under a
parabola
.
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