The Australian Antarctic Territory
) is a part of Antarctica
. It was claimed by the United Kingdom
and placed under the authority of the Commonwealth of Australia
in 1933. It is the largest territory of Antarctica claimed by any nation. In 1961, the Antarctic Treaty
came into force. Article 4 deals with territorial claims, and although it does not renounce or diminish any preexisting claims to sovereignty, it also does not prejudice the position of Contracting Parties in their recognition or non-recognition of territorial sovereignty. As a result, only four other states recognise Australia's claim to sovereignty in Antarctica.