The Canada Act 1982
(1982 c. 11) is an Act
of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
that was passed at the request of the Canadian federal government to "patriate
's constitution, ending the necessity for the country to request certain types of amendment to the Constitution of Canada
to be made by the British parliament. The Act also formally ended the "request and consent" provisions of the Statute of Westminster 1931
in relation to Canada, whereby the British parliament had a general power to pass laws extending to Canada at its own request.