(, , ), officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea
(, , ), is a country located in Central Africa
, with an area of . Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea
, its post-independence name evokes its location near both the Equator
and the Gulf of Guinea
. Equatorial Guinea is the only sovereign African state in which Spanish
is an official language. As of 2012, the country has a population of 1.6 million.