) or Sarapis
Greek) is a Graeco-Egyptian
god. The Cult of Serapis was introduced during the 3rd century BC on the orders of Ptolemy I of Egypt
as a means to unify the Greeks and Egyptians in his realm. The god was depicted as Greek in appearance, but with Egyptian trappings, and combined iconography from a great many cults, signifying both abundance and resurrection. A serapeum
) was any temple or religious precinct devoted to Serapis. The cultus
of Serapis was spread as a matter of deliberate policy by the Ptolemaic kings
, who also built an immense Serapeum in Alexandria.