is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society
, including cultural norms
, expectations, and context, on the way language
is used, and the effects of language use on society. Sociolinguistics differs from sociology of language
in that the focus of sociology of language is the effect of language on the society, while sociolinguistics focuses on the society's effect on language. Sociolinguistics overlaps to a considerable degree with pragmatics
. It is historically closely related to linguistic anthropology
and the distinction between the two fields has even been questioned recently.