**Ultimate tensile strength** (

**UTS**), often shortened to

**tensile strength** (

**TS**) or

**ultimate strength**, is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads tending to elongate, as opposed to

compressive strength, which withstands loads tending to reduce size. In other words, tensile strength resists

tension (being pulled apart), whereas compressive strength resists

compression (being pushed together). Ultimate tensile strength is measured by the maximum

stress that a material can withstand while being stretched or pulled before breaking. In the study of

strength of materials, tensile strength, compressive strength, and

shear strength can be analyzed independently.